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Sri Lanka Country Profile

Full name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Population: 20.4 million (UN, 2010)
Capital: Colombo (commercial capita ), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is the legislative capital Administrative divisions
Largest city: Colombo
Area: 65,610 sq km (25,332 sq miles)
Major languages: Sinhala, Tamil, English
Major religions: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: Sri Lankan rupee
Main exports: Clothing and textiles, tea, gems, rubber, coconuts
GNI per capita: US $2,240 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .lk
International dialling code: +94

Religions:

Buddhist : 76.71%
Muslim : 8.49%
Hindu : 7.88%
Christian : 6.06%
Other : 0.86%

(2001 census provisional data)

Provinces

Sri Lanka has 9 provinces: Central, North Central, Northern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa,
Southern, Uva, Western and Eastern Province
Independence: 4 February 1948 (from British)
Republic 1972 May 22nd and named Sri Lanka - 2nd Constitution Constitution - 3rd Constitution
Adopted 16 August 1978, certified 31 August 1978. Established the Executive Presidency.
Legal system: A highly complex mixture of English common law, Roman-Dutch, Muslim law, Thesavalamai (Jaffna Tamil) Kandian Law, and customary law.

- Suffrage:
Forall men and women of 18 years of age; universal - granted in 1931 Executive:
Chief of state: H.E the President Mahinda Rajapaksa (elected on 19 November 2005 and 27th January 2010); the President is considered both the chief of state and head of government.
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the President in consultation with the Prime Minister.
Elections: President elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 17 November 2005.
The Legislature:
Unicameral Parliament (225 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of a modified proportional representation system by district to serve six-year terms)
The Judiciary:
Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; High Courts, District Courts & Magistrates

About Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhalese: Tamil: known as Ceylon before 1972) is an island nation in South Asia, located about 31 kilometres (19.3 mi) off the southern coast of India. Popularly referred to as the Pearl of the Indian Ocean,It is home to around twenty million people.

Due to its location in the path of major sea routes, Sri Lanka is a strategic naval link between West Asia and South East Asia, and has been a center of Buddhist religion and culture from ancient times.Today, the country is a multi-religious and multi-ethnic nation, with nearly a third of the population following faiths other than Buddhism, notably Hinduism, Christianity and Islam.The Sinhalese community forms the majority of the population, with Tamils, who are concentrated in the north and east of the island, forming the largest ethnic minority. Other communities include the Muslim Moors and Malays and the Burghers.


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-Prasanna


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